Tuesday, December 09, 2014

Politicizing CIA Interrogation Techniques

Today the U.S. Senate released nearly 500 pages of the 6,000 page confidential report on the CIA’s conduct and actions after the 9/11 attacks. The torture report brings to light more extensive waterboarding and interrogation techniques to elicit intelligence. The report also asserts the CIA misled the Bush administration about the value of the information obtained as well as the extent of the activities at the black sites. Certainly details of the CIA’s actions emerged well before this report as Obama dismantled the program in 2009, but why issue this report now?

Al-Qaeda and Taliban detainees captured in Afghanistan after the 2001 terror attacks were transferred to the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

Prior to the report coming out this morning, concerns over backlash and reprisals dominated the headlines. Secretary of State John Kerry telephoned the Democratic chairwoman of the Intelligence Committee to update her on the most recent security assessments. James Clapper, Director of National Intelligence, also mentioned these concerns during his briefing with Intelligence Committee members over the weekend. These concerns are real even though the world is well aware of the interrogation methods employed by the CIA during this time. Some form of reprisal is to be expected especially as ISIL already borrows techniques and sentiments from this CIA program.

While Obama alerted diplomatic facilities and military bases to the possible heightened security risks a repeat of Benghazi is not expected. However, diplomats were not informed about the extent of the report prior to publication. Diplomats in volatile areas should have least been properly briefed about the details of the report as well as likely implications for their region. U.S. allies that housed the black sites could receive political reprisals as their role is further exposed.

So why release this report well before the standard 25 year declassification period? The move seems politically motivated as opposed to protecting national security interests or the public’s well-being. The information in the report brings to light new details and questionable acts on the part of the CIA. However, this is hardly earth shattering information as it simply confirms what was largely believed in the U.S. and abroad. So Congress is likely trying to distance itself this stain on the U.S. global image and once again throw the intelligence community under the bus. There also appears to be some division along party lines with Republicans seeing this exercise as a waste of time with concern over the repercussions. And neither Clapper nor the White House can afford to openly oppose releasing the report. So cautious support of transparency is the only alternative for both entities while involving themselves in the process of declassification of the report. 

The long term ramifications of the report will be more important and less obvious than the immediate after effects. This torture report will likely be the millennial’s version of the Church hearings from the 1970s that dramatically changed the role and purpose of the CIA. Since individuals were already cleared of criminal charges for the interrogations it is unclear just how the report will affect members of the CIA. However, it would be reasonable to assume that the purview of the CIA will change once again with more Congressional oversight and/or new legislatively determined limits. 

The battle between the CIA and the executive and legislative branches rages on. Partisan divisions continue to deviate and dictate national security interests. The implications of this report are yet to be understood but the nature of intelligence gathering abroad is likely to be affected and suffer somewhat as the CIA is once again under the microscope for misdeeds that were sanctioned by the previous administration. Relations between the CIA and the White House will take time to heal after Obama blamed the intelligence community earlier this year for underestimating ISIL and now this torture report.

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